The Kurdish people, or Kurds (Kurdish: کورد Kurd), are an Iranic people native to the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They speak the Kurdish language, which is a member of the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages.
Kurdish peopleEthnic groups in IraqEthnic groups in ArmeniaEthnic groups in the Arab LeagueIranian peoplesEthnic groups in the Middle EastEthnic groups in SyriaEthnic groups in TurkeyAncient peoplesIndigenous peoples of Western AsiaEthnic groups in IranKurdish peopleFertile CrescentMuslim communities
Kurdish is a dialect continuum spoken by the Kurds in western Asia. It is part of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian group of Indo-European languages. The Kurdish language itself has about 16 million speakers today. According to KONDA, 11.97% of the total population of Turkey speaks Kurdish as their native or second language. According to the CIA World Factbook, 10% of total population of Iran speaks Kurdish.
Kurdish languageLanguages of LebanonLanguages of IsraelLanguages of ArmeniaLanguages of AzerbaijanLanguages of IraqIranian languagesLanguages of IranKurdish languageSubject–object–verb languagesLanguages of SyriaLanguages of Turkey
Iraqi Kurdistan or Kurdistan Region is an autonomous region of Iraq. It borders Iran to the east, Turkey to the north, Syria to the west and the rest of Iraq to the south. The regional capital is Arbil, known in Kurdish as Hewlêr. The region is officially governed by the Kurdistan Regional Government. The establishment of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq dates back to the March 1970 autonomy agreement between the Kurdish opposition and the Iraqi government after years of heavy fighting.
Iraqi KurdistanPolitics of IraqIraqi KurdistanAutonomous regionsDisputed territories in AsiaGeography of IraqFertile Crescent
Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural region wherein the Kurds form a prominent majority population, and Kurdish culture, language, and national identity have historically been based. Contemporary use of Kurdistan refers to parts of eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran and northern Syria inhabited mainly by Kurds. Kurdistan roughly encompasses the northwestern Zagros and the eastern Taurus mountain ranges, and covers small portions of Armenia.
KurdistanCultural regionsMiddle EastKurdistanDivided regionsFertile Crescent
Wiktionary is a multilingual, web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in 158 languages. Unlike standard dictionaries, it is written collaboratively by volunteers, dubbed "Wiktionarians", using wiki software, allowing articles to be changed by almost anyone with access to the website. Like its sister project Wikipedia, Wiktionary is run by the Wikimedia Foundation.
WiktionaryWikisOnline dictionariesInternet properties established in 2002Wikimedia projectsMultilingual websitesEducational websites
The Yazidi are a Kurdish ethnoreligious group with Indo-Iranian roots. They currently live primarily in the Nineveh Province of northern Iraq. Additional communities in Transcaucasia, Armenia, Turkey, and Syria have been in decline since the 1990s, their members having emigrated to Europe, especially to Germany.
YazidiEthnic groups in IraqEthnoreligious groupsReligion in IraqEthnic groups in Georgia (country)YazidiEthnic groups in SyriaEthnic groups in GermanyMonotheistic religionsIslamic sectsEthnic groups in RussiaIranian religionsKurdish languageMysticismKurdish peopleReligion in Iran
List of Wikipedias
This is a list of many of the different language editions of Wikipedia; as of May 2012, there are 285 Wikipedias. For their number of articles, see the main list.
List of WikipediasWikipedia statisticsWikipedias by language
Kurdistan Democratic Party
For other uses of KDP see KDP (disambiguation); for other uses of Kurdistan Democratic Party see Kurdistan Democratic Party (disambiguation) 50x40px This article uses bare URLs for citations. Please consider adding full citations so that the article remains verifiable. Several templates and the Reflinks tool are available to assist in formatting.
Kurdistan Democratic PartyPolitical parties in IraqPolitical parties established in 1946Secession in IraqKurdish organisationsPolitical parties in Iraqi Kurdistan
Kurdistan Regional Government
The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG),, is the official ruling body of the predominantly Kurds-populated Kurdistan Region in Northern Iraq. The KRG consists of a unicameral parliament with 111 seats known as the Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament (IKP). The cabinet is selected by the majority party or list who also select the prime minister of the Kurdistan Region.
Kurdistan Regional GovernmentPolitics of Iraq2005 in Iraq2005 in politicsIraqi KurdistanGovernment agencies established in 2005
Peshmerga or Peshmerge is the term used by Kurds to refer to armed Kurdish fighters. Literally meaning "those who face death" (Pesh front + marg death) the Peshmerga forces of Kurdistan have been in existence since the advent of the Kurdish independence movement in the early 1920s, following the collapse of the Ottoman and Qajar empires which had jointly ruled over the area. Peshmerga forces include women in their ranks.
PeshmergaPolitics of IraqIraqi Kurdistan
Iranian Kurdistan is an unofficial name for the parts of Iran inhabited by Kurds and has borders with Iraq and Turkey. It includes Kurdistan Province, Kermanshah Province and Ilam Province and parts of West Azerbaijan Province. According to the last census conducted in 2006, the four Kurdish-inhabited provinces in Iran, West Azerbaijan (2,873,459), Kermanshah Province (1,879,385), Kurdistan Province (1,440,156), and Ilam Province (545,787) have a total population of 6,738,787.
Iranian KurdistanKurdistanRegions of IranDivided regions
Western Iranian languages
The Western Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages, attested from the time of Old Persian (6th century BC). The two sub-branches are: Northwestern Iranian languages Southwestern Iranian languages The opposition of these two dialect groups is apparent already in Old Iranian times, from the opposition of Old Persian and Median.
Western Iranian languagesWestern Iranian languages
Kurmanji (Kurmancî) or Northern Kurdish (sometimes misspelled as Kirmanji, Kurmangi or Kermanji) is the most commonly spoken dialect of the Kurdish language.
KurmanjiLanguages of ArmeniaLanguages of AzerbaijanLanguages of IraqLanguages of IranKurdish languageLanguages of SyriaLanguages of Turkey
The al-Anfal Campaign, also known as the Kurdish Genocide, Operation Anfal or simply Anfal, was a genocidal campaign against the Kurdish people (and other non-Arab populations) in Northern Iraq, led by the Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein and headed by Ali Hassan al-Majid in the final stages of Iran-Iraq War.
Al-Anfal CampaignWar crimes in IraqMassacres in IraqConflicts in 1988Conflicts in 1989Ethnic cleansing1988 in Iraq1987 in Iraq20th century in IraqKurdish protests and rebellions in IraqPrisoners of war massacres1986 in IraqConflicts in 19861989 in IraqHistory of the Kurdish peopleConflicts in 1987Wars involving Iraq
Republic of Mahabad
The Republic of Mahabad, officially known as Republic of Kurdistan and established in Iranian Kurdistan, was a short-lived, Kurdish government that sought Kurdish autonomy within the limits of the Iranian state. The capital was the city of Mahabad in northwestern Iran. The state itself encompassed a small territory, including Mahabad and the market towns of Piranshahr, Sardasht, Bukan, Naqada and Ushnaviya.
Republic of MahabadStates and territories established in 19461947 disestablishments20th century in IranFormer Kurdish statesFormer countries in the Middle EastStates and territories disestablished in 1947Republic of MahabadIran–Soviet Union relationsHistory of the Kurdish peopleHistory of West Azerbaijan ProvinceHistory of Mahabad
Kurds in Turkey
Ethnic Kurds compose 25% of the population in Turkey. Unlike the Turkish people, the Kurds speak an Indo-European language. There are Kurds living in all provinces of Turkey, but are primarily concentrated in the east and southeast of the country, which largely resembles the historical region of Kurdistan. In the 1930s, Turkish government policy aimed at assimilating Kurds in Turkey, many have resisted these measures and today Kurds make up around 20-30% of the population of Turkey.
Kurds in TurkeyEthnic minoritiesKurdish diasporaEthnic groups in TurkeyHistory of the Kurdish people
Not to be confused with Goran language, also known as Dazaga language, part of the Saharan branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family 40x40px Title=Gorani language;ns=0/Main/;language:wiki=en,locale=en test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Gorani HawramiSpoken in Iraq and IranRegion Primarily Hawraman and GarmianNative speakers 44,000 (2000)Language family Indo-European Indo-IranianIranianWesternNorthwesternZaza–GoraniGoraniLanguage codesISO 639-3 hacLinguasphere 58-AAA-b Gorani (also Gurani) is a group of Northwestern Iranian dialects, that includes Hewramî, and is spoken by Kurdish people in the southernmost parts of Iranian Kurdistan and the Iraqi Kurdistan region.
Gorani languageEndangered languages of IranEndangered languagesNorthwestern Iranian languagesEndangered Iranian languagesEndangered languages of Iraq
Kurdish Jews or Kurdistani Jews are the ancient Eastern Jewish communities, inhabiting the region known as Kurdistan in northern Mesopotamia, roughly covering parts of Iran, northern Iraq, Syria and eastern Turkey. Their clothing and culture is similar to neighbouring Kurdish Muslims and Christian Assyrians. Until their immigration to Israel in the 1940s and early 1950s, the Jews of Kurdistan lived as closed ethnic communities.
Kurdish JewsMizrahi Jews topicsKurdish JewsJewish ethnic groupsHistory of the Jews in the Middle EastJews and Judaism in Kurdistan
Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan
The Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (Kurdish: Partî Dêmokiratî Kurdistanî Êran), abbreviated as PDKI, KDPI, PDKI, is a Kurdish political party in Iranian Kurdistan which seeks the attainment of Kurdish national rights within a democratic federal republic of Iran.
Democratic Party of Iranian KurdistanPolitical parties established in 1945Political parties in IranSocialist InternationalIranian Kurdish organisations
The Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament or IKP is the parliament of Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraqi Kurdistan. The IKP is made up of representatives from the various parties, lists or slates that are elected every four years to serve by the inhabitants of the provinces of Iraqi Kurdistan currently governed by the Kurdistan Regional Government. Prior to the new Kurdistan Election Law passed in March 2009, the body was referred to as the Kurdistan National Assembly.
Kurdistan ParliamentPolitics of Iraqi Kurdistan
Kurdish music refers to music performed in Kurdish language. Traditionally, there are three types of Kurdish Classical performers - storytellers (çîrokbêj), minstrels (stranbêj) and bards (dengbêj). There was no specific music related to the Kurdish princely courts, and instead, music performed in night gatherings (şevbihêrk) is considered classical. Several musical forms are found in this genre.
Kurdish musicKurdish musicKurdish cultureIraqi musicTurkish musicSyrian musicArmenian musicIranian musicFertile Crescent
Judæo-Aramaic is a collective term used to describe several Hebrew-influenced Aramaic and Neo-Aramaic languages.
Judeo-Aramaic languageAramaic languages
Kurdish nationalism is the political movement that holds that the Kurdish people are a nation deserving of a sovereign homeland, Kurdistan out of the territories where Kurdish people form a majority. Currently, these territories lie in northern Iraq, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and small parts of Syria. Early Kurdish Nationalism has its roots in the days of the Ottoman Empire, within which it became a significant ethnic group.
Kurdish nationalismHistory of nationalityNationalism by country or regionHistory of the Kurdish peopleKurdish nationalism
The Kurdistan List (Kurdish: ليست كوردستان Lîstî Kurdistani), also known as the Kurdistan Alliance or the Brotherhood List, is the name of the electoral coalition that ran in the Kurdistan Regional Government parliamentary elections in Iraqi Kurdistan in July 2009. The Kurdistan List represented a coalition of the two main ruling parties in Iraqi Kurdistan, namely the Kurdistan Democratic Party and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan.
Kurdistan ListPolitics of IraqYazidiIraqi KurdistanKurdistanPolitical parties in Iraqi Kurdistan
Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan
The Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan (DPAK) sometimes referred to simply as the Kurdistan Alliance (KA) is the name of the electoral coalition first presented as a united Kurdish list in the January 2005 election in Iraq. Elections were held simultaneously for the assembly of the Kurdistan Regional Government.
Democratic Patriotic Alliance of KurdistanPolitical parties in IraqPolitical parties in Iraqi KurdistanKurdish organisations
Sheikh Said rebellion
Sheikh Said Rebellion was a rebellion of a Kurdish clergy Sheikh Said and a group of former Kurdish Hamidieh soldiers (Azadî group) in 1925.
Sheikh Said rebellionKurdish protests and rebellions in TurkeySheikh Said rebellion
Koma Civakên Kurdistan
Koma Civakên Kurdistan
Turkish Kurdistan (Kurdish: Kurdistana Tirkiyê or Bakurê Kurdistanê,, or Northern Kurdistan) is an unofficial name for the southeastern part of Turkey, which is inhabited predominantly by ethnic Kurds. The area covers between 190,000 to 230,000 km² (88,780 sq mi), or nearly a third of Turkey.
Turkish KurdistanKurdistanKurdish inhabited regions